Torch Safety

Bernzomatic manufactures dependable, safe hand torches as well as propane tanks and handheld propane, MAP-Pro™ and oxygen cylinders. Choosing the right fuel—and using it safely—depends on the task you're performing and what type of hand torch you're using. The following tips can help you make the right fuel selection.

General Safety Precautions

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How To Properly Dispose of Your Cylinder

Procedures for disposing of your empty non-refillable cylinders vary by location. Enter your ZIP code for the contact information of your local solid waste authority.

Fuel Information

How Hot?

Click the temperature ranges to discover the appropriate temperature ranges for specific torch applications.

200 - 400° F

Softening putty or paint

350 – 840° F

Soldering: joining metals with a low-temp metal filler for plumbing and electrical projects

400 – 800° F

Thaw frozen locks and rusted nuts / bolts

840 – 1,500° F

Brazing: soldering with a hard filler

2,400 – 3,000° F

Cutting steel

Hot spots: A single torch flame has many different temperatures. For any gas, the hottest part of the flame is at the tip of the inner flame, where the pale outer flame meets the darker inner flame.

Fuel Safety Information

Bernzomatic manufactures dependable, safe hand torches as well as fuel cylinders and tanks for propane, MAP-Pro™ and oxygen gases. Choosing the right fuel depends on the task at hand and the type of torch you’re using.

Be sure your torch is compatible with the fuel you’ve selected. You can also contact Bernzomatic for helpselecting the right fuel and products for your needs.


Ideal for soldering copper pipes, heating frozen pipes and rusted nuts, softening paint and other lower-heat DIY and art projects, as well as for use in the kitchen. Use with a variety of torches including self-igniting and manual-ignition. Pick a wide flame torch for most applications which don't need pinpoint-type heat.


Ideal for soldering larger size copper pipes, brazing and heat-treating, MAP-Pro delivers a higher flame temperature, which allows tasks to be completed more quickly. Choose a torch specially designed to work with MAP-Pro fuel such as the TS4000 High Heat Torch or TS8000 Max Heat Torch.


Ideal for light soldering or detailed work, butane gas is compatible with smaller, handheld tools such as micro torches. It is also the fuel used to power Bernzomatic utility lighters.


Oxy / MAP-Pro: Ideal for cutting and welding thin metal when you don't need a sharp flame such as that from an oxy-acetylene torch. A specialty oxy-fuel torch is needed.