How To Braze Metal with a Torch

Braze Metal Together

Brazing is the process of joining two independent pieces of metal to form one strong load-bearing joint.

  • Brazing is similar to soldering, but at higher temperatures.
  • Use the right brazing rod material for the metal used in your project.
  • The brazing rod should be melted by the heat of the metal pieces being joined, not by direct contact with the flame of the torch.
  • Use a torch that produces a high intensity flame.
Recommended Rods by Metal Type

Copper, brass, bronze:
Bernzomatic PC3 Copper Phosphorous Brazing & Welding Rods

Steel, stainless steel, nickel alloys, copper alloys, cast iron, tungsten carbide:
Bernzomatic NS3 Nickel Silver Brazing & Welding Rods

Cast iron, galvanized, nickel, steel, malleable iron:
Bernzomatic WB5 Bronze Brazing & Welding Rods

Aluminum:
Bernzomatic AL3 Aluminum Brazing & Welding Rods

Tips
  • Read our General Safety Precautions before starting your project.
  • Read the instructions that come with your torch and braze before beginning your project.
  • Always remove torch from fuel cylinder and store fuel in an upright position after completing your project.

Steps

  1. Use the wire brush or emery cloth to scuff the surface of the metal. Then clean the surfaces using soapy water or a degreaser.
  2. Position the metal as desired. In most cases, an overlapped joint will be stronger and braze together easier than a gapped joint. If needed, use clamps to secure the pieces in position.
  3. Heat the joint where the two pieces of metal will meet until the joint glows.
  4. Apply the brazing rod to the joint while continuing to heat the metal surfaces. For large areas, heat portions of the joint to temperature and then move to the next adjacent area.
  5. After brazing, use a wire brush to clean the brazed surface to remove any oxidation or residue.

What You'll Need


TS8000
TS8000

Max Heat Torch for Faster Work Times

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WK5500OX
WK5500OX

Brazing Torch Kit

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AL3
AL3

Aluminum Brazing & Welding Rods

Learn More

NS3
NS3

Nickel Silver Brazing & Welding Rods

Learn More

PC3
PC3

Copper Phosphorus Brazing & Welding Rods

Learn More

WB5
WB5

Bronze Flux-Coated Brazing & Welding Rods

Learn More

TOOLS

  • WK5500OX-Cutting, Welding, and Brazing Torch Kit
  • ANSI-compliant safety glasses
  • Clamps
  • Keep a fire extinguisher or water source nearby in case of emergency.
  • Safety mask or respirator
  • Wire brush or emery cloth
  • Work gloves

MATERIALS

  • Brazing alloy rods
  • Metals to be joined
  • Soapy water or degreaser
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